What is a refugee crisis?
A refugee crisis is defined as when many displaced people move from their home country to another, in a difficult or dangerous way. The term refugee crisis can refer to displacement happening in the country of origin, the country of arrival, or to problems and dangers facing refugees whilst they are on the move. A crisis can refer to the perspective of the refugees, the country to which they flee, or, in many cases, both.
Whilst fleeing, many refugees have nothing, they do not have access to food or clean water, and many carry no possessions other than the clothes on their backs. A person can become a refugee in an instant.
Violence against Rohingya in Myanmar, the Syrian war crisis, and conflict in South Sudan have caused some of the biggest refugee crises in our recent history. Currently across the world, there is more conflict than ever driving displacement and creating refugees, and over the past five years, World Vision has increased our work in affected areas by 18%.
What causes a refugee crisis?
The biggest causes of a refugee crisis are:
• conflict and war
• hunger and poverty
• persecution and violence and
• climate change.
Conflict and war are the most common cause of mass displacement of people, leading them to become refugees. In some cases, people can become refugees literally overnight when violence erupts in a country due to war or political unrest.
Large groups of people are forced to flee their homes for many reasons, not just war or conflict. Hunger, poverty, and persecution for issues such as gender or sexual orientation are other reasons which cause people to flee their countries.
In recent years, climate change has also been recognised as a major factor in global refugee crises, with the UN estimating that over 16 million refugees have fled their homes due to climate-related issues. With the global climate crisis only worsening, it is expected that the number of refugees seeking safety from natural disasters like drought, tsunamis and wildfires will continue to increase.
How can you help?
By supporting our work, you can ensure that children driven from their homes are empowered to build better futures. The pennies and pounds you donate create real change in the world for children that really need it. When you donate to help a child or support our work at World Vision, you become part of our community of faithful supporters, you become part of the solution!