What is a refugee
The Refugee Convention defines a refugee as 'any person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country'.
The Syrian war, violence against Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar and conflict in South Sudan have caused some of the biggest refugee crises in our recent history. But people are forced to flee their homes because of a multitude of emergencies, not just conflict. With the climate crisis only worsening, it is expected that the number of people seeking refuge from natural disasters like drought, tsunamis and wildfires will continue to increase.
Children often bear the brunt of these emergencies. War, disasters and humanitarian emergencies can deprive children of their homes and security, leaving them open to abuse and extreme poverty. That's when they most need help.