SYRIA REGIONAL CRISIS
The conflict in Syria is now in its seventh year. With no end in sight, it has become one of the worst humanitarian crises of the 21st Century. Since the start of the hostilities in 2011, OCHA estimates that, tragically, over 250,000 Syrians have been killed. Some independent Syrian organisations cite upwards of 450,000 deaths - among them up to 19,000 children. More than 1 million people have been injured.
The situation in Syria is heart-breaking and it is deteriorating.
A World Vision refugee camp in Jordan
Over 5.1 million Syrians – nearly half of them children - have been forced to flee their homes and seek safety in neighbouring countries including Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey and Iraq. In other words, more than 2.5 million Syrian children are growing up as refugees. Another 6.3 million people have fled their homes, but remain in Syria, mostly in hard-to-reach areas, where accessing humanitarian assistance is difficult. In many cases, families have moved several times with successive waves of conflict. Disturbingly, an average of 6,150 people are displaced each day. That's around 50 families an hour. As the conflict lines shift and attacks on civilians increase, families face continual uncertainty and fear. Across both Syria and Iraq, schools, hospitals, roads and water supplies are targeted and left destroyed or dysfunctional.
As families flee Aleppo, three young boys stopped to tell us about the bombings that took their parents' lives:
You can support World Vision's work to help children like these three boys, and other children like them, by donating:
Please donate to the Syria Appeal now
13.5 million people, including 6 million children, are in need of humanitarian assistance. This includes protection, shelter, water, food.
According to OCHA, Syria's standard of living has regressed by almost four decades.
- Four out of five Syrians now live in poverty
- Life expectancy has dropped by more than 20 years.
The devastating effects of this conflict are already rippling within Syria and the wider region and will continue to do so for decades to come.
Fears and dreams of Children
Six years of violence have left an indelible mark on the lives of children. More than 6 million children have lost their homes, friends, family members and seen or experienced violence that no child ever should. Now their development and well-being are at risk. Children continue to pay the price of this brutal war.
To understand the impact of war on children, we asked 100 Syrian children about their fears and dreams. Compared with answers from children living in relatively safe countries, the effects are clear:
- 43 per cent of the Syrian children told us they fear airstrikes, shelling and explosions
- Just three per cent of Canadian children feared for their safety
But, the Fears and Dreams survey also revealed that Syria’s children remain hopeful of a better tomorrow:
- 33 per cent told us they dream of a particular career when they grow up. The most popular occupations were teachers and medical professionals
- Eight per cent dream of an education
- Half of Syria's children dream of peace and returning to Syria
People affected by conflict have the right to humanitarian assistance, including access to clean water, health care and food, and the right to protection from violent attacks. The thought of children scared by the sound of bombs and not knowing what tomorrow might bring keeps me awake at night.
- Wynn Flaten - World Vision's Syria Response Director
Iraq - Mosul
According to UN OCHA, approximately 3.4 million people have become homeless within Iraq (half of whom are children) and over 11 million people are in need of assistance.
Whilst the military offensive to retake Mosul has now been declared officially over, the work is just starting according to our Response Manger for World Vision Iraq, Ian Dawes:
“While some people see this as the end of a crisis, the work is really just beginning. The lives of children and their families have been torn apart Before people return home, there will need to be reconstruction of homes and the most basic infrastructure like water and electricity while communities will also be in dire need of healing and reconciliation so that displaced people can return to their communities in peace."
It is estimated 32,000 homes have been completely destroyed and that 200,000 people remain homeless (OCHA)
Children are living with stress and fear. They need safe spaces, recreational activities, psychological support and counselling.
WHAT ARE WE DOING TO HELP?
We're working, with partners inside Syria to support displaced Syrians, and with refugees in neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey and Iraq. Our focus is on education, child protection including Child Friendly Spaces, food and cash assistance, water, sanitation, health, and winter supplies.
Children deserve better. A safe and caring environment is critical for children to progress and benefit from opportunities in education, health services, nutrition and livelihoods.
In 2016, our Syria Response served more than 2.2 million people, of whom close to 1.2 million were children. We're determined to continue serving these children and families in need with a particular focus on food and cash assistance, water and hygiene, child protection and education, health and shelter.
Examples of our work in the region:
Our work in Syria
Most of the estimated 6.3 million people displaced inside Syria, left their homes with few clothes. In many cases, families have moved multiple times. Now they're living in tents in camps, and are extremely vulnerable to winter weather and freezing temperRead more
In 2016 alone we helped to maintain or restore basic needs and services for 216,321 people - including 114,577 children - trapped at the heart of the world's worst humanitarian crisis.
Through your ongoing support, we've helped over 91,000 people in camps with blankets, mattresses and fuel for heaters. We plan to start using gravel in camps to provide proper drainage and prevent tents from flooding, and to minimise dust in the coming summer months.
Thanks to your donations our response in Aleppo, Northern Syria has reached 23,841 people, including 13,355 children. We're also supporting the local Primary Health Clinic (which has the largest number of Internally Displaced People in the area due to its proximity to the Turkish/Syrian Border.) So far, this has helped around 2,000 people.
In northern Syria, we’re running 23 Child Friendly Spaces and three women’s and girls’ safe spaces, helping displaced people adapt to their new lives. Specialised support is offered to women who have been widowed and for children with injuries or recent disabilities.
Our work in Lebanon
Since 2011 we've been working with Syrian refugees in Lebanon and with the local communities.Read more
We now provide e-card cash and water and sanitation for households. And we're supporting children with educational and psychosocial programmes.
Last year we helped 240,886 people including 144,351 children in our Syria Crisis Response in Lebanon.
Our work in Turkey
In 2015 we expanded our operations to support Syrian refugees in Turkey. The number of refugees in Turkey has reached over 3.2 million people, making Turkey the host country with the largest refugee population in the world.Read more
About 90 per cent of Syrian refugees in Turkey (over 2.5 million) (plus many from other countries) remain outside of camps with limited access to basic services.
We're particularly focusing on protecting and providing basic services to vulnerable groups including women and children in isolated and underserved areas:
- Over 5,000 newly displaced Syrian babies (under-two) received baby kits.
- Over 35,000 Syrian refugees have been to a multi-service community centre where they have access to:
non-formal education, including life skills, computer classes and language lessons,
workshops on refugee rights,
special funds for the most vulnerable families,
medical consultations and counselling,
home visits and community awareness raising events.
Along the Turkey-Syria border, we're providing opportunities for children and young people to learn life skills including languages (English, Turkish and Arabic) and computer skills. We're also running vocational training including web design and photo editing, basic beautician skills, and hardware skills.Read less
Our work in Jordan
Since 2013 we have been working alongside Syrian refugees in Jordan and with the local communities who are hosting them.Read more
We're providing remedial learning for school-aged Syrian and Jordanian children, helping nearly 3,000 children who might otherwise have dropped out of the school system. We're also running extracurricular and psychosocial activities for children of all backgrounds. And we're working to ensure safe water, hygiene and sanitation facilities are available in local schools and the refugee camps.
Last year our crisis response in Jordan helped 75,270 people including 35,964 children.
In 2015 we built football pitches at Azraq camp. Today 35 different children's club, including boys and girls aged 5 to 17 use these pitches.
We visited Azraq last year. Read more about the difference one simple change can make.
Having fled the war in Syria, 12-year-old refugee child Radwan was working on a construction site in Jordan when he encountered World Vision. With our help, he’s now back in school and in charge of his own future, with a smile on his face. See his story in the video below:
Please share Radwan's story using the icons below:
OUR WORK IN IRAQ - MOSUL
We've been working in the northern Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI) since 2014.
We're helping people who've fled their homes with food assistance, safe water and sanitation. We're also providing primary healthcare, safe learning spaces, protection services, and psychosocial support for children affected by the crisis. Last year we helped 1,722,371 people including 885,515 children.
We were one of the first emergency response organisations to help the vulnerable families of Mosul in Qaymawa camp. As well as supporting children in camps outside Mosul, we’re working in the city to renovate schools and empower teachers so children have the infrastructure as well as emotional support they will need to get back to restart their education, to have some normalcy in their lives.
We are helping with practical items including hygiene kits, cooking stoves, water, showers and toilets. We have supported around 28,000 people who have fled the city since October 2017.
We’re supporting children and families fleeing Mosul with much needed Child Friendly Spaces - safe places where children can find some normality in the chaos and receive emotional support.
Many of the arriving children have survived extremely distressing experiences, some even to the point of being unable to speak.
Our specialist staff have been providing psychological and emotional support in our Child Friendly Spaces, which is just as important as the immediate physical needs that people have.
- Ian Dawes, Response Manager for World Vision Iraq
Education: Learning and fun for displaced children in Iraq
Iraq’s education system is in crisis.
In February 2015, we started the Let Us Learn project to support displaced children living in two camps and in host communities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Our Let Us Learn programme is not school based; instead, we work alongside UNICEF and the Ministry of Education to provide learning opportunities for children and young adults until school becomes possible. The programme includes learning spaces for 1,100 children, teacher training, a mobile reading and evening adult literacy classes.
How can you help?
You’ve helped so many. But in the seventh year of the conflict, humanitarian needs continue to grow, and more and more families need urgent support.
13.5 million people need humanitarian assistance now, including more than 6 million children who have lost homes, friends, family members and seen or experienced violence that no child ever should.
But they're still children. They deserve a childhood and hope for the future.
We remain committed to supporting children until the crisis ends, allowing them to live in peace and dignity.
Donate now to help Syria's children overcome the past, thrive today and hope for the future.
Stories and Blogs
Joining our Child Friendly Space in Lebanon gave Ahmad an opportunity to learn new skills and games, make new friends and start …
For Mayssa, a Syrian mother displaced by conflict, the $4 dollars she rations for each meal is enough to give her three children…
World Vision’s campaign ‘It takes a world to end violence against children’ was named because no one individual, group or organi…
March 2017 marked the sixth anniversary of the Syrian conflict. The conflict has quickly become the worst assault on children in a decade; the situation is becoming increasingly worse, with growing reports of violence and targeting of children.
Please share this report using the icons below:
Ibrahim, an 8-year-old Syrian refugee living in Lebanon is forced to work on a farm to help support his family. This conflict is costing Ibrahim and many others their childhood.
We partnered with Frontier Economics to produce The cost of conflict for children report, evaluating the economic losses to countries affected by the conflict; helping to show what life might have looked like for children like Ibrahim had there been no war, and the likely impacts as it continues.
Please share 'The cost of conflict for children' using the icons below:
You can read more about the crisis and World Vision's response by downloading the publications below:
So far, you've helped us raise over £1,422,756 for those impacted by the war in Syria.
But as the fighting continues more children and families need help.