The climate is cooler in the mountainous north and east areas, tropical in the south and west and hot and humid along the coast and delta.
Natural resources include petroleum, timber, tin, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas and hydropower.
Over 130 ethnic groups live in Myanmar. The Burman are the largest ethnic group, making up two-thirds of the population. The official language is Burmese, but many ethnic groups speak their own dialects. English is a second language, often used in government settings and in schools.
Access to safe water
Average annual income
Myanmar is one of the poorest nations in the world. Decades of military rule have devastated the country's infrastructure. Unemployment and economic stagnation have become the norm. The most recent figures from 2007 show that more than 32 percent of people live below the poverty line.
Droughts, floods, pest infestations and limited agricultural supplies have contributed to most of the country's desperate need for food.
The HIV and AIDS epidemic is growing in Myanmar. The country has one of the highest infection rates in south-east Asia, with more than 240,000 people living with HIV and AIDS.
Providing school supplies, fees, uniforms and other clothing and supplies for vulnerable children.
Supporting communities affected by natural disasters such as the earthquake of 2012 and seasonal flooding.
Raising awareness about human trafficking and reducing the number of exploited children.
Meeting the needs of children through sponsorship since the mid 1980s.
Helping families affected by floods regain livelihoods with resources such as carts, rickshaws and sewing machines in the 1980s.
Health and well-being
Providing healthcare, education and skills training to hearing impaired children and adults in the 1990s.
Improving the lives of children living on the street, assisting with Cyclone Nargis relief efforts and increasing microenterprise development since 2000.