Lake Sevan, located in eastern Armenia, is one of the largest high-altitude lakes in the world. The lake is a popular tourist spot, as well as a source of electricity, water for irrigation and fish.
The country has two extremes of weather with winter temperatures falling to -20°C and summer temperatures reaching 40°C.
Natural resources include small deposits of gold, copper, zinc and bauxite.
About 98 percent of Armenia’s population is ethnic Armenian. Most people speak the official language of Armenian, although Yezidis (Kurds) and Russians living here speak their own languages.
Access to safe water
Average annual income
Armenia's transition from the former Soviet centralised system to a market economy has led to a severe drop in living standards and a rise in poverty as the country deindustrialised and moved to small-scale subsistence farming.
About 17 percent (CIA Factbook, 2012) of the workforce is unemployed, and this would be higher were it not for the large numbers of men who leave Armenia to search for work in Russia and other countries.
Armenians' limited access to healthcare leaves them struggling with serious health issues like HIV/AIDS. Children often suffer from sickness caused by cold, moisture and dust.
In both rural and urban areas, primary school enrolment is high, but many children leave secondary school in order to help their families in the fields. The economy was hit hard in the recession in 2009, and enrolment has been dropping in recent years.
Sponsor a child in Armenia today.
Assisting communities to develop disaster preparedness programmes.
Working with school councils, parents and student councils to improve the quality of education and give support to those who are most vulnerable.
Ensuring community members are aware of their rights to free healthcare and supporting health professionals to improve standards.
Improving child protection mechanisms in the community and training social workers to support vulnerable families.
Providing food staples and blankets to struggling families after Armenia’s independence in 1991.
Delivering donated food to thousands of hungry people and improving houses for hundreds of families during the early 1990s.
Offering small loans and business training to small and medium-sized business owners since the late 1990s.
Improving mother and child nutrition, HIV and AIDS prevention and disaster relief since 2000.