The climate is tropical, with some areas experiencing a six-month rainy season. Natural resources include cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, gems, precious metals and hydropower.
People of Bantu origin make up most of the population. The country’s official language is English, but Zambians use Bemba more often. Over 70 other languages are also spoken. Most people are involved in agriculture, growing corn, rice, peanuts, vegetables, cotton and coffee.
The country is sparsely populated, and rural Zambians usually live with their extended families in houses clustered together.
Access to safe water
Average annual income
Almost 75 percent live below the poverty line (UNICEF, 2012).
Food insecurity threatens the health of many children. Chronic malnutrition rates are high, with 45% of people suffering from stunted growth (UNICEF 2012).
The widespread HIV and AIDS pandemic continues in Zambia. 1.1 million people live with the disease (UNICEF, 2012). The prevalence rate is almost 13 percent.
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Partnering with communities, and institution such as churches to provide HIV counselling, care and support.
Improving mother and infant health by constructing shelters and maternity wings that ensure mothers give birth under qualified medical supervision.
Working with rural communities to improve access to water and to provide training on good health and sanitation practices.
Helping communities recover from natural disasters specifically drought and flooding.
Helping families to diversify food and income sources.
Health and water
Assisting communities suffering from drought, providing children with food and clothing and increasing access to clinics and clean water during the 1980s.
Providing thousands of people affected by flooding with food, blankets, medicine, and insecticides to combat malaria in 1989.
Helping women with healthcare, childcare and education, as well as offering HIV and AIDS education during the 1990s.
Providing communities with access to clean water for drinking and agriculture and offering water sanitation training since 2000.